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A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on technical knowledge sharing for establishing a nationwide Time Stamping & Time Synchronization network and traceability of time signal to UTC NPL time, was signed between Council of Scientific and Industrial Research -National Physical Laboratory (CSIRNPL) and Department of Telecommunications (DoT), Ministry of Communications. The nationwide time stamping & time synchronization network consisting of 22 numbers of Time Synchronization Centers (TSC’s) will be set up by DoT with technical assistance from CSIR-NPL. This network will provide synchronizing pulse in Indian Standard Time (IST) to all telecom & internet service providers in all the 22 LSA (Licensed Service Areas) in the country. The primary purpose of synchronizing the telecom network with IST time stamp is to enable the security agencies to overcome the difficulty in analyzing and correlating the cyber events in this era of greatly increasing network speed with advancement of telecom technology (2G to 3G to 4G to 5G etc.). The implementation of the project will also improve the telecom network efficiency by reducing packet loss due to reduced slips in better synchronized digital network. The time set on Indian telecom networks should be in IST zone to uniquely identify the user (subscriber) of network on tracing of the IP address and other parameters. Presently, Telecom Service Provider (TSP)/Internet Service Provider (ISP) are taking the reference time from different sources viz., GPS from GNSS. These sources do not have the traceability with IST. “Telecom Networks” need to be in IST time zone synchronized with CSIR-National Physical Laboratory (CSIRNPL) – the keeper of IST. The technologies developed by CSIR and its laboratories are of high value to Indian stakeholders, they be industry/government departments and ministries. After establishment & implementation of a PAN India time synchronization and time stamping across the Indian telecom network, all the network of the TSP/ISPs will be traceable with the IST, which will eliminate the problem of the time synchronization among the TSP/ISPs. This will lead to better efficiency of telecom network and reduce the Voice Over Internet Protocol (VOIP) call drop, improve the quality of service of the network, voice, video. The time standardization will help to curb cyber crimes and will also help to identify and correlate the various digital financial transactions. Accuracy of the time depends upon the distance between the TSC (reference source) and the location of the TSP/ISP centres. Therefore, stratum-1 time synchronization centre shall be established at all the 22 LSAs across the country.

Ministry of Science and Technology

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in the field of regulation of medical products for human use amongst the medicine regulatory agencies of the BRICS countries. The MoU would facilitate better understanding about the regulatory aspects between the parties and could help in increasing India’s export of medical products to BRICS countries.

[Press Release no. 1530136]

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post facto approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Sao Tome and Principe for Cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine and Homoeopathy.

Major impact:

The MoU, will enhance bilateral cooperation between the two countries in the areas of Traditional Systems of Medicine. This will be of immense importance to both countries considering their shared cultural heritage.

Implementation strategy and targets:

The activities between the two sides will start after the receipt of copy of the signed MoU. The initiatives taken between the two countries will be as per the terms of reference of the MoU signed and will be a continuing process till the MoU remains in operation.

Background:

India is blessed with well-developed systems of traditional medicine including medicinal plants, which hold tremendous potential in the global health scenario.

The Ministry of AYUSH of the Republic of India having the mandate to promote, propagate and globalize the Traditional Systems of Medicine including Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homoeopathy has taken effective steps by entering into MoU with the Government of Malaysia, Government of Trinidad & Tobago, Government of Hungry, Government of Bangladesh, Government of Nepal, Government of Mauritius, Government of Mongolia, Government of Iran for Cooperation in Traditional Medicine. Another MoU is proposed to be signed with the Government of Sri Lanka.

[Press Release no. 1530142]

AYUSH

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed at Moscow, Russia between the State Atomic Energy Corporation ‘Rosatom’; the Ministry of Science and Technology of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Department of Atomic Energy on 01-03-2018 on trilateral cooperation in implementation of the Rooppur Nuclear Power Project in Bangladesh. The MoU envisages rendering of consultancy to Bangladesh in performance of work related to Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant construction and executing transfer and exchange of knowledge, expertise, consultancy advice, technical support and knowhow, sharing of resources and experience on regulatory aspects, rendering assistance in respect of Indian personnel and qualified Indian institutions experienced in construction, commissioning and operation of technically demanding industrial facilities to the Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant.

India is currently engaged in nuclear trade with international partners based on a waiver from Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG) in 2008.

[Press Release no. 1525579, dt. 21-03-2018]

Department of Atomic Energy

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has been apprised of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed between India and Canada. The MoU aims at fostering cross-border partnerships focused on research excellence and industry-academic collaboration between India and Canada that brings robust innovation gains to both countries.

Igniting collaboration through talent mobility is the core of the partnership. The MoU enables Indian and Canadian researchers to undertake graduate level academic research mobility and cross-border industry-academic cooperation. Under the graduate level academic research mobility programme, both sides intend to support upto 110 Master’s and PhD student researchers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) fields in a 3-year period from eligible universities in India to participate in 12 to 24 weeks’ research with Canadian university research laboratories. The same number of researchers from Canadian universities will also participate in 12 to 24 weeks’ research with research laboratories of eligible Indian universities. Under the cross-border Industry-Academic Cooperation, upto 40 Master’s and PhD student researchers in 3 years from each side participate in 16 to 24 weeks’ research with industry partners located in the counterpart country. 

The collaboration is expected to lead to new knowledge creation, joint scientific publications, Industrial exposure, IP generation, etc. This MoU will further strengthen the long-standing relationship in Science, Technology and Innovation Cooperation with Canada.

[Press Release no. 1527718]

Ministry of Science & Technology

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

A Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) has been signed with the Federal Transport Authority – Land & Maritime of the United Arab Emirates on Technical Cooperation in Rail Sector. The  MoU will  enable technical cooperation in the following areas :-

  1. Regulation, safety and technical investigation of accidents;
  2. Station redevelopment;
  3. Locomotives, coaches and wagons; and
  4. Any other area jointly identified by the Participants.

Benefits:

The MoU will provide a platform to  Indian Railways to interact and share the latest developments and knowledge in the railway sector. The MoU will facilitate exchange of information, expert meetings, seminars technical visits and implementation of jointly agreed cooperation projects.

Background:

Ministry of Railways has signed MoUs for technical cooperation in the Rail sector with various foreign Governments and National Railways. The identified areas of cooperation inter alia include high speed corridors, speed raising of existing routes, development of world class stations, heavy haul operations and modernization of rail infrastructure, etc. The cooperation is achieved through exchange of information on developments in areas of railways technology & operations, knowledge sharing, technical visits, training & seminars and workshops in areas of mutual interest.

[Press Release no. 1527717]

Ministry of Railways

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France. The Agreement represents a major milestone in enhancing people-to-people contacts, fostering mobility of students, academics, researchers and skilled professionals and strengthening cooperation on issues related to irregular migration and human trafficking between the two sides. The Agreement is a testimony to India’s rapidly expanding multi-faceted relationship with France and symbolizes the increasing trust and confidence between the two sides. The Agreement is initially valid for a period of 7 years, incorporates provision for automatic renewal and a monitoring mechanism through a Joint Working Group.

[Press Release no. 1523100]

Ministry of External Affairs

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Government of India has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Department of Natural Resources of Canada concerning cooperation in the fields of science, technology and innovation.

The MoU is a broad framework arrangement for enhancing cooperation in research and development activities with Canada. The MoU facilitates mutual consultations on the areas of new material development and testing, design of advanced Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors (PHWRs), structural components of reactor systems including inspection and quality assurance programs, sharing of operational information, nonpower application of radiation isotope technology, etc. The MoU will be valid for a period of 5 years and can be renewed further through mutual consultations.

[Press Release no. 1524404]

Department of Atomic Energy

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has given its ex post facto approval to the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Iran on the establishment of an expert group on trade remedy measures to promote cooperation in areas of mutual interest. The MoU will promote cooperation between the two countries in area of trade remedies such as exchange of information, capacity building activities, cooperation in investigations related to anti-dumping and countervailing duty, etc.

[Press Release no. 1527721]

Ministry of Commerce & Industry

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The government of India has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Sri Lanka for promoting cooperation in the field of Information Technology and Electronics. The MoU intends to promote closer co-operation in the areas of e-Governance, m-Governance, E-public services delivery, cyber security, software technology parks, start-ups ecosystem etc. The MoU shall be implemented by establishing a Working Group on IT&E composed of representatives of the two parties. Bilateral Cooperation in ICT domain both B2B and G2G will be enhanced.

Background :

The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has been mandated to promote international cooperation in the emerging and frontier areas of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) under bilateral and regional framework of cooperation. To further enhance cooperation with various countries, particularly in view of the new initiatives taken by Government of India like “Digital India”, “Make in India” etc., there is an increased need for exploring business opportunities in the technology sector which are of interest. To extend the cooperation to IT sector, the Indian Mission in Colombo and MEA had emphasized on evolving a framework for active cooperation. In this regard, the MeitY negotiated a comprehensive MoU for a focused cooperation in ICT areas such as in e-Governance, cyber security, B2B partnership, IT education and research/innovation, etc.

[Press Release no. 1524415]

Ministry of Electronics & IT

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has given its approval to an Agreement between India and France to facilitate ‘Mutual Recognition of educational qualifications’ and periods of study undertaken by students in duly approved, recognized and/or accredited educational institutions within the 2 countries. It is historic for the first time, a government to government MoU has been signed to mutually recognize academic qualifications, which will help the student community. Apart from this MoU, 15 more MoUs between various institutions of India and France in the areas of Higher Education, Research, Innovation, Faculty exchange, Scientific Cooperation have been exchanged, such as IMPRINT, GIAN, SWAYAM and to boost innovation, research and accessibility of education in India.

The agreement will help in deepening the educational ties between India and France and will go a long way in boosting the educational relationship between the 2 countries. The agreement will be instrumental in encouraging mobility of students from both the countries by facilitating possibilities for them to continue their studies in the other country and would also promote excellence in higher education through innovative partnerships/collaborations and research activities which will be leading to the improvement of the quality of education in India.

[Press Release no. 1523102]

Cabinet

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has approved signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Cooperation in the field of Renewable Energy between India and Hellenic. The MoU was signed by the External Affairs Minister, Smt. Sushma Swaraj, Government of India and H.E. Nikos Kotzias, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Hellenic Republic. Both sides aim to establish the basis for a cooperative institutional relationship to encourage and promote technical bilateral cooperation on new and renewable issues on the basis of mutual benefit equality and reciprocity. The MoU envisages establishing a Joint Working Group to review, monitor and discuss matters in relation to areas of cooperation. The MoU aims for exchange of expertise and networking of information.

[Press Release no. 1523097]

Ministry of New and Renewable Energy

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) and Public Service Commission of Mauritius. The MoU will strengthen the existing relationship between UPSC and Public Service Commission of Mauritius. It will facilitate sharing of experience and expertise of both the parties in the area of recruitment. The MoU will develop institutionalized linkage between the Public Service Commissions of two countries. It defines the scope of cooperation between the PSC, Mauritius and the UPSC and sets out the areas of cooperation and obligations of the parties.

The areas of co-operation include the following

  • exchange of experience on modern approach to public service recruitment and selection, particularly the functions of the UPSC and the PSC;
  • exchange of information and expertise including books, manuals and other documents which are not of a confidential nature;
  • sharing of expertise in the use of Information Technology (IT) in the preparation of written examinations and holding of computer based recruitment tests and online examinations;
  • sharing of experience in single window system for expeditious scrutiny and speedy disposal of applications;
  • sharing of experience and expertise on the various processes involved in the examination system which are routine in nature;
  • organizing training sessions for officials, including through short attachments to the parties secretariat/headquarters on air matters concerned by the respective mandate of the parties.
  • sharing of experience on the modalities adopted on audit of processes and procedures followed by various Government Agencies in recruitment of posts under the delegated powers.

Background:

In the past, UPSC had signed MoU with Public Service Commission of Canada and Bhutan. The MoU with Canada was in existence during 15-03-2011 to 14-03-2014. The MoU with the Royal Civil Service Commission (RCSC), Bhutan was signed by UPSC on 10-11-2005 for a period of 3 years. It was renewed on 09-09-2011 for a period of 3 years which expired by 08-09-2014. In pursuance of these MoUs, UPSC had conducted attachments and training programmes for the officers of RCSC, Bhutan.  Recently, an MoU was signed between UPSC and RCSC, Bhutan for the 3rd time on 29-05-2017 valid for a period of 3 years.

[Press Release no. 1523088]

Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Government of India and the Government of Malaysia have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on cooperation in the field of Traditional Systems of Medicine.

The salient features of the MoU are as follows

  1. Cooperation for the promotion of traditional medicine including the regulation for teaching, practice, drugs and drugless therapies of Traditional Systems of Medicine.
  2. Exchanging experts for training of practitioners, paramedics, scientists, teachers and students in Traditional Systems of Medicine.
  3. Accommodating interested practitioners, paramedics and students in institutions for educational and training programmes on Traditional Medicine
  4. Mutual recognition of Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha, Pharmacopeia of Indian and the Malaysian Herbal Pharmacopoeia
  5. Setting up of Academic Chairs on Traditional Systems of Medicine.

As per Section 24(1) of Traditional & Complimentary Medicine (T&CM) Act 2016 of Government of Malaysia, a person who is registered as a practitioner outside Malaysia can temporarily register with T&CM Council of the Malaysia subject to conditions and restrictions of the Council.

[Press Release no. 1522704]

Ministry of AYUSH

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has given its ex-post approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Canada. The MoU was signed on 23-02-2018 to establish bilateral cooperation activities in the field of Intellectual Property (IP) and is intended to promote innovation, creativity and economic growth in both countries.

The MoU establishes a broad and flexible framework through which both countries can exchange best practices and work together on training programs and technical exchanges to raise awareness on IPRs and better protect intellectual property rights (IPRs).

The priority initiatives under the MoU include

  1. Exchange of best practices, experiences and knowledge on how to raise IP awareness among the public, businesses and educational institutions of both countries;
  2. Exchange of experts for interacting with the human resources engaged in specialized IP fields;
  3. Exchange and dissemination of best practices, experiences and knowledge on IP with industry, Universities, research and development organizations and Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) through participation in programs, training, and events, organised singly or jointly by the participants;
  4. Cooperation in the development of automation arid implementation of modernization projects, new and existing documentation and information systems in IP and procedures for management of IP;
  5. Cooperation to understand how traditional knowledge is protected; and the exchange of best practices, including traditional knowledge related data bases and awareness raising of existing IP systems;
  6. Collaboration in IP related training for local IP and business communities, and
  7. Any other cooperation activities they  may  mutually decide upon within the scope of the MoU.

[Press Release no. 1526896, dt. 28-03-2018]

Cabinet

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has given its approval for the revision of Agreement between India and Qatar for the avoidance of double taxation and for the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income.

The existing Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement (DTAA) with Qatar was signed on 07-04-1999 and came into force on 15-01-2000. The revised DTAA updates the provisions for exchange of information to latest standard, includes ‘Limitation of Benefits’ provision to prevent treaty shopping and aligns other provisions with India’s recent treaties. The revised DTAA meets the minimum standards on treaty abuse under Action 6 and Mutual Agreement Procedure under Action 14 of G-20 OECD Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) Project, in which India participated on an equal footing.

[Press Release no. 1525676, dt. 21-03-2018]

Cabinet

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has approved signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and South Asian Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP) for cooperation on the response to Oil and Chemical Pollution in the South Asian Seas Region.

Impact: The MoU intends to promote closer cooperation between India and other maritime nations comprising the South Asian seas region namely Bangladesh, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka for protection and preservation of marine environment in the region.

Implementation: Indian Coast Guard (ICG) will be the Competent National Authority and national operational contact point for implementation of “Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan” under the MoU and shall respond to oil and chemical spills on behalf of Government of India. Further, ICG Maritime Rescue Coordination Centres (MRCCs) will be the national emergency response centre for marine incidents.

Background: In order to promote and support protection, management and enhancement of the environment in the South Asian region, the Governments of Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka established the SACEP in 1982 in Sri Lanka. The SACEP jointly with the International Maritime Organisation (IMO) developed a “Regional Oil Spill Contingency Plan” to facilitate international co-operation and mutual assistance in preparing and responding to a major oil pollution incident in the seas around the Maritime States of Bangladesh, India, Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

Ministry of Defence

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has approved signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and United Kingdom and Northern Ireland regarding cooperation and Exchange of Information for the Purposes of Combating International Criminality and Tackling Serious Organised Crime.

India and U.K. already have an agreement concerning the investigation and prosecution of crime and the tracing, restraint and confiscation of the proceeds and instruments of crime (including crimes involving currency transfers) and terrorist funds, which was signed in 1995. Both the countries desire to further strengthen cooperation in fighting international criminality and serious organized crime. The MoU will reinforce the collaboration in the field of security that will be mutually beneficial.

[Press Release no. 1526895, dt. 28-03-2018]

Cabinet

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet has approved the signing of the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Zambia in the field of Judicial Cooperation.

During recent years, social, cultural and commercial relations between India and Zambia have developed in the positive direction. Signing of an agreement on cooperation in the field of justice will further enhance good relations between the two countries and add new dimensions in the field of judicial reforms.

[Press Release no. 1526897, dt. 28-03-2018]

Cabinet

NewsTreaties/Conventions/International Agreements

The Union Cabinet gave its ex-post facto approval for the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) between India and Iran for cooperation in the field of agriculture and allied sectors. The MoU was signed on 17-02-2018 during the visit of President of Iran to India. The MoU provides for cooperation in the areas of agricultural crops, agricultural extension, horticulture, machinery, post harvest technology, plant quarantine measures, credit and cooperation. It further provides for cooperation in soil conservation and water management, integrated nutrients management, seed technology and agricultural marketing. Also, livestock improvement, dairy development, animal health and other fields as mutually agreed upon fall within the scope of the MoU. Cooperation will also be effected through exchange of experts, materials and information, exchange of trainees and scientists on study visits/training programmes, facilitation of relevant conferences and workshops and any other means as may be mutually agreed upon. A Joint Working Group (JWG) will be formed to monitor the activities carried out in fulfillment of this MoU, with the meetings (of the ‘JWG’) to be alternately held in India and Iran once every 2 years. The MoU will be initially valid for 5 years and will be automatically extended for a subsequent period of 5 years unless either party notifies the other party of its intent of terminating it.

[Press Release no. 1524411, dt. 14-03-2018]

CABINET