Mental age of a person does not make him/her a “Child” under the POCSO Act

Supreme Court: Refusing to expand the scope of the word ‘child’ under Section 2(d) of the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 (POCSO Act) to include  the   “mental   age”   of   a   person   or   the   age determined   by   the   prevalent   science   pertaining   to psychiatry   so   that   a   mentally   retarded   person   or   an extremely intellectually  challenged person who even has crossed the biological age of 18 years can be included within the holistic conception of the term “child”, the bench of Dipak Misra and R.F. Nariman, JJ held that the Parliament has felt it appropriate that the definition of the term “age” by chronological   age   or   biological   age   to   be   the   safest yardstick   than   referring   to   a   person   having   mental retardation.

In the case where both the judges wrote their separate but concurring opinion, it was said that the POCSO Act has identified minors and protected them by prescribing the statutory age which has nexus with the legal eligibility to give consent. It may be due to the fact that the standards of mental retardation are different and they require to be determined   by   an   expert   body.   The   degree   is   also different.  If a victim is mentally retarded, definitely the court trying the case shall take into consideration whether   there   is   a   consent   or   not.   In   certain circumstances, it would depend upon the degree of retardation or degree of understanding. It should never be put in a straight jacket formula.

Explaining the scope of the power of the Court to interpret the word “child” to give it a broader meaning, it was noticed that the legislature despite having the intent in its Statement of Objects   and   Reasons   and   the   long   Preamble   to   the POCSO Act, had defined the term “age” which does not only mention a child  but adds the words “below the age of 18 years”. The Court said that had the word “child” alone been mentioned in the Act, the scope of interpretation by the Courts could have been in a different realm and the Court might have deliberated on a larger canvass.

The Court was hearing the appeal of a sexual assault victim suffering from Cerebral Palsy due to which though being a 38-year-old, her mental age is no more than 6-8 years. [Eera v. State, 2017 SCC OnLine SC 787, decided on 21.07.2017]

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    I would like to appreciate for sharing such kind of information with us. Homeopathy Mental Retardation Treatment Centers – Mental Retardation or Intellectual disability is a condition in which the intelligence quotient (IQ) of the individual is less than normal. While an individual having IQ above 80 is considered normal, those below it are considered as disabled

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