Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill, 2019 has been passed by Rajya Sabha, dated 31-07-2019.
The amendments in the Bill mainly focus on issues relating to improving road safety, citizens’ facilitation while dealing with the transport department, strengthening rural transport, last mile connectivity and public transport, automation and computerization and enabling online services.
Some of the important areas of the amendment are as follows:
In the area of road safety, the Bill proposes to increase penalties to act as a deterrent against traffic violations. Stricter provisions are being proposed in respect of offences like juvenile driving, drunken driving, driving without licence, dangerous driving, over-speeding, overloading, etc. Stricter provisions for helmets have been introduced along with provisions for electronic detection of violations. Penalty regarding motor vehicles is to be increased by 10 % every year.
Proposed Amendments in Various Penalties under Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill – 2019
|Section||Old Provision / Penalty||New Proposed Provision / Minimum Penalties|
|177||General||Rs 100||Rs 500|
|New 177A||Rules of road regulation violation||Rs 100||Rs 500|
|178||Travel without ticket||RS 200||Rs 500|
|179||Disobedience of orders of authorities||Rs 500||Rs 2000|
|180||Unautorized use of vehicles without licence||Rs 1000||Rs 5000|
|181||Driving without licence||Rs 500||Rs 5000|
|182||Driving despite disqualification||Rs 500||Rs 10,000|
|182 B||Oversize vehicles||New||Rs 5000|
|183||Over speeding||Rs 400||Rs 1000 for LMV
Rs 2000 for Medium passenger vehicle
|184||Dangerous driving penalty||Rs 1000||Upto Rs 5000|
|185||Drunken driving||Rs 2000||Rs 10,000|
|189||Speeding / Racing||Rs 500||Rs 5,000|
|192 A||Vehicle without permit||upto Rs 5000||Upto Rs 10,000|
|193||Aggregators (violations of licencing conditions)||New||Rs 25,000 to
|194||Overloading||Rs 2000 and
Rs 1000 per extra tonne
|Rs 20,000 and
Rs 2000 per extra tonne
|194 A||Overloading of passengers||Rs 1000 per extra passenger|
|194 B||Seat belt||Rs 100||Rs 1000|
|194 C||Overloading of two wheelers||Rs 100||Rs 2000, Disqualification for 3 months for licence|
|194 D||Helmets||Rs 100||Rs 1000 Disqualification for 3 months for licence|
|194 E||Not providing way for emergency vehicles||New||Rs 10,000|
|196||Driving Without Insurance||RS 1000||Rs 2000|
|199||Offences by Juveniles||New||Guardian / owner shall be deemed to be guilty. Rs 25,000 with 3 yrs imprisonment. For Juvenile to be tried under JJ Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle to be cancelled|
|206||Power of Officers to impound documents||Suspension of driving licenses u/s 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E|
|210 B||Offences committed by enforcing authorities||Twice the penalty under the relevant section|
Bill mandates automated fitness testing for vehicles. The testing agencies issuing automobile approvals have been brought under the ambit of the Act and standards will be set for motor vehicle testing institutes. The Bill also provides for a compulsory recall of defective vehicles and power to examine irregularities of vehicle companies.
Recall of Vehicles
The Bill allows the central government to order for recall of motor vehicles if a defect in the vehicle may cause damage to the environment, or the driver, or other road users. The manufacturer of the recalled vehicle will be required to: (i) reimburse the buyers for the full cost of the vehicle, or (ii) replace the defective vehicle with another vehicle with similar or better specifications.
Road Safety Board
Bill provides for a National Road Safety Board, to be created by the central government through a notification. The Board will advise the central and state governments on all aspects of road safety and traffic management including standards of motor vehicles, registration and licensing of vehicles, standards for road safety, and promotion of new vehicle technology.
Protection of Good Samaritan
To help road accident victims, Good Samaritan guidelines have been incorporated in the Bill. The Bill defines a Good Samaritan as a person who renders emergency medical or non-medical assistance to a victim at the scene of an accident, and provides rules to prevent harassment of such a person.
Cashless Treatment during Golden Hour
The Bill provides for a scheme for cashless treatment of road accident victims during golden hour.
The Bill has included the driver’s attendant in 3rd Party insurance. re will be no cap on liability of insurers. There will be a 10-time increase in insurance compensation, from Rs 50, 000 to Rs 5 lakh. Claim process has been simplified. Insurance firms have to pay claims within a month if the victim’s family agree to accept Rs 5 lakh compensation. The Bill also increases the minimum compensation for hit and run cases from Rs 25,000 to two lakh rupees in case of death, and from Rs 12,500 to Rs 50,000 in case of grievous injury.
Motor Vehicle Accident Fund
Bill requires the central government to constitute a Motor Vehicle Accident Fund, to provide compulsory insurance cover to all road users in India. It will be utilised for: treatment of persons injured in road accidents as per the golden hour scheme, compensation to representatives of a person who died in a hit and run accident, compensation to a person grievously hurt in a hit and run accident, and compensation to any other persons as prescribed by the central government.
Improving Services using e-Governance
Improving the delivery of services to the stakeholders using e-Governance is one of the major focuses of this Bill. This includes:
- Provision for online driving licenses
- Process of Vehicle Registration
- Drivers Training
Reforms in the Transportation System
Development of an integrated Transport System will be possible from the National Transportation Policy. This will also enhance the powers of the State Governments, provide better last-mile connectivity, rural transport, etc.
Bill defines aggregators as digital intermediaries or market places which can be used by passengers to connect with a driver for transportation purposes (taxi services). The Bill provides guidelines for Aggregators. At present, there are no rules in many states for regulating aggregators, taxis, etc.
Reforms in Driving Licences
The vehicle owners may register their vehicle anywhere in the state and process of registration will be done by dealers. Differently abled persons will get facilities for registration of vehicles.
Reforms in the Transportation System
Development of an Integrated Transport System will be possible from the National Transportation Policy. This will also enhance the powers of the State Governments, provide better last mile connectivity, rural transport, etc. The Bill provides guidelines for Aggregators.
[Press Release dt. 31-07-2019]